3 Mummies with breathtaking stories. and one with Passport
Mummies exert a powerful fascination over us. Their bodies, sometimes astonishingly preserved, appear before our eyes as silent witnesses of a remote past. Some of these remains have been preserved naturally and accidentally (in the ice or in the desert sands), and some of them artificially.
The journalist and Disseminator Helena R. Olmo has been immersed in this macabre but exciting world with a magnificent book titled CSI Mummies, which has also been the winner of the VIII edition of the award of historical Disclosure Juan Antonio Cebrián. In his work, the author immerses us in an exciting journey that goes from Chinchorro, in the Atacama desert, and where appeared the oldest artificial mummies known to the current laboratories where you try to criogenizar corpses. A technique that Elm considers modern mummified.
Of all of them we have selected three very special. Three mummies that enclose enigmatic and captivating stories. And some of them have been recently solved.
The Screaming mummy.
From all the mummies of ancient Egypt there is one that is very special in its own way. It was discovered in 1886, wrapped in sheep skin, an object that the ancient Egyptians considered impure. But what most impressed his discoverers was the terrible expression of his face, which seemed to cast an everlasting cry.
The Screaming Mummy
At that time it was classified unknown como”hombre E”, and the mystery about its identity has remained unresolved until very recently. It was in February of this same year that the results of DNA tests commissioned by the Ministry of Antiquities in Egypt were known and revealed that those remains were in all likelihood the Prince Pentawere, son of Ramses III.
It is unknown whether the cry is natural or whether that expression was created by the embalmers
The mystery began to be solved because, according to the Turin Papyrus, Pentawere was sentenced to death for participating in a conspiracy to assassinate his father. In addition, some marks found around his neck suggest that the prince died hanged.
What remains a mystery is whether that terrible expression that looks his face was natural, and he really died screaming, or if he was embalmed in that way to serve as a horrible example to future conspirators.
A mummy with a passport.
But if there is a mummy that has starred in an unusual episode in the history of archaeology, that has been that of Ramses II, as the author of the book, Helena R. Olmo, tells us. In 1976, it was discovered that some microorganisms were devouring the remains of the pharaoh, so the decision was made to send them to Paris to restore them.
And that transfer was done with all the honors of a head of state. To the point that it was issued to issue a passport of legal course in which was seen a photo of the mummy, and detailed all their data. Including its date of birth: “1303 AdC”.
Passport Ramses II
The plane that moved the mummy made a flight of homage on the pyramids and, after landing in Paris, the remains of the pharaoh were taken on a tourist visit to the obelisk of the Place de la Concordia (and that is an Egyptian relic from the Temple of Lúxor) , before depositing them in the Museum of Man.
The children of the Inca.
Our third mummy, they’re actually three. In 1999, an expedition located in the Llullaillaco volcano, in northwestern Argentina, the extraordinarily preserved remains of a seven-year-old boy, a girl of six, and a young woman of fifteen. His condition was such that his discoverers claimed that they seemed to be asleep instead of dead. And they were baptized respectively with the nicknames of the child, the girl of the Ray and the Maiden (in the photo).
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Mummy of the Maiden
Its approximate age was dated in more than 500 years and, although in principle, it was thought that they had died of hypothermia, the finding of bloodstains in the robes revealed that it had died violently, in all certainty in a human sacrifice.
“They are the best preserved natural mummies in the world,” explains the author of the book. “They are not the only ones found there, and I wonder how many more there will be still out there scattered.”
The blonde mummies of China.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, they appeared in the desert of Tarim, in China, the first of the group of which were destined to be one of the most mysterious mummies of all time. It was the remains perfectly preserved, of individuals of Caucasian appearance, many of them blond, and of extraordinary stature.
Where the blonde mummies found in China come from is still a riddle
But we had to wait until the decade of 1970 when they were discovered in massive form 500 of these mummies. Some of them were buried in small boats that made the function of coffins. And many decorated with bronze pieces and types of fabrics that, 2,000 years ago, were still unknown in China.
But where did these people come from? Some researchers have theorized that they could be related to some populations of Siberia. But its exact origin remains a riddle that captivates scientists.